Eschatology – Daniel’s Statue Prophecy

prophecy_statue

Dan. 2: 31 “You, O king, were looking and behold, there was a single great statue; that statue, which was large and of extraordinary splendor, was standing in front of you, and its appearance was awesome. 32 The head of that statue was made of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze, 33 its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. 34 You continued looking until a stone was cut out without hands, and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and crushed them. 35 Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were crushed all at the same time and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away so that not a trace of them was found. But the stone that struck the statue became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.

[The Interpretation—Babylon the First Kingdom]

36 “This was the dream; now we will tell its interpretation before the king. 37 You, O king, are the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, the strength and the glory; 38 and wherever the sons of men dwell, or the beasts of the field, or the birds of the sky, He has given them into your hand and has caused you to rule over them all. You are the head of gold.

[Medo-Persia and Greece]

39 After you there will arise another kingdom inferior to you, then another third kingdom of bronze, which will rule over all the earth.

[Rome]

40 Then there will be a fourth kingdom as strong as iron; inasmuch as iron crushes and shatters all things, so, like iron that breaks in pieces, it will crush and break all these in pieces. 41 In that you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, it will be a divided kingdom; but it will have in it the toughness of iron, inasmuch as you saw the iron mixed with common clay. 42 As the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of pottery, so some of the kingdom will be strong and part of it will be brittle. 43 And in that you saw the iron mixed with common clay, they will combine with one another in the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, even as iron does not combine with pottery.

[Messiah’s Kingdom]

44 In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever. 45 Inasmuch as you saw that a stone was cut out of the mountain without hands and that it crushed the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold, the great God has made known to the king what will take place in the future; so the dream is true and its interpretation is trustworthy.”

Now the interpretation of the first four Kingdoms is fairly undisputed. The part where we find much dispute is:

“ vs 33 its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. 34 You continued looking until a stone was cut out without hands, and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and crushed them. 35 Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were crushed all at the same time and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away so that not a trace of them was found. But the stone that struck the statue became a great mountain and filled the whole earth…41 In that you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, it will be a divided kingdom;.. 44 In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever”

Verse 33

Vs 33 and vs 41 clearly denote that the feet of iron and clay were a continuation of the Fourth iron kingdom of Rome. Vs 41’s mention of the Kingdom is clearly referring to the 4th Kingdom of vs 40. As we know, the Roman Empire fell to ethnic and multinational disputes and hostilities, being divided up in the late 4th century and most of the 5th century with a collapse in 476.

Edwards, on the Ten Toes:

“Another way that Satan attempted to restore paganism in the Roman empire, was by the invasions and conquest of heathen nations. For in this space of time, the Goths and Vandals, and other barbarous nations from the north, invaded the empire, and obtained great conquests. They even overran the empire, and in the fifth century took the city of Rome, and finally conquered and took possession of the western half of the empire, and divided it amongst them. It was divided into ten kingdoms, with which began the ten horns of the beast; for we are told, that the ten horns am ten kings, who should rise in the latter part of the Roman empire: these are also represented. by the ten toes of Nebuchadnezzar’s image. The invasion and conquests of these heathen nations are supposed to be foretold in the 8th chapter of Revelation, in what came to pass under the sounding of the four first trumpets. Now by their means heathenism was again for a while restored after it had been rooted out”

http://www.reformed.org/books/edwards/redemption/

A HISTORY OF THE WORK OF REDEMPTION by Jonathan Edwards SECTION 4, PART 3

Verse 34-35

Vs 34-35: The stone here mentioned is no doubt the master Yeshua.  We read in verses 44-45 that the stone is the indestructible Kingdom. Dan. 7:13-14 tells us plainly that the indestructible kingdom belongs to the Son of Man. Francis Nigel Lee states,

“For it should be noted that the Messianic Stone Kingdom hit the feet of the image — not its ten toes! This indicates not only that the Stone Kingdom was already in existence long before it hit the feet. But it also indicates that the Stone’s principal destruction of the image began when it hit the feet — and long before the later division of the feet into its “toes” or various disparate elements…Consequently, the ten “toes” of Daniel chapter two refer to the modern Nations of Europe into which the mediaeval Holy Roman Empire disintegrated. This was the view, even before that occurred, of: Irenaeus; Tertullian; Hippolytus; Eusebius; Sulpicius Severus; and Jerome. And this was also the view, after it occurred, of: Andreas; Jephet ibn Ali; Abraham ben Ezra; Luther; Mel-anchthon; Poole; Jonathan Edwards; Lacunza; Faber; Adam Clarke; Albert Barnes; E.W. Hengstenberg; Patrick Fairbairn; and many others.”

http://www.historicism.net/readingmaterials/DANIEL.pdf

Thus, we see this prophecy was fulfilled with the first coming of our Master Yeshua in the first century, his destruction of the Roman Empire with his first coming and the effects of it in later centuries and the beginning of his Kingship at the right hand of the Father after his resurrection and ascension. The prophecy does not say that Yeshua’s kingdom begins sometime in the future thousands of years after his coming and the fall of the Roman Empire but “In the days of those kings” vs 44.

 

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