Eschatology – Dan. 9 – Seventy Weeks

“Dan 9:24 “Seventy weeks are decreed for your people and for your set-apart city, to put an  end to the transgression, and to seal up sins, and to cover crookedness, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up vision and prophet, and to anoint the Most Set-apart.”

 In Talmud -Yoma 39a – 39b we read that the crimson thread ceased to turn white after the death of Yeshua the last 40 years before temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. showing that Yah no longer accepted the expiatory sacrifice of the Jews showing that Yeshua had fulfilled this prophecy. Rashi’s view says the 70 Weeks prophecy ended at 70 A.D. not acknowledging this important event. Rashi says this prophecy concerns “from the day of the first destruction in the days of Zedekiah until it will be [destroyed] the second time.” This does not compute. The first destruction was 586 B.C. making this prophecy extend 656 years. The sealing up the vision and prophecy concerns the Tanach and also the teachings of Yeshua as explained by Peter from Deut. 18:

Act 3:19 “Repent therefore and turn back, for the blotting out of your sins, in order that times of refreshing might come from the presence of the Master, Act 3:20 and that He sends יהושע Messiah, pre-appointed for you, Act 3:21 whom heaven needs to receive until the times of restoration of all matters, of which Elohim spoke through the mouth of all His set-apart prophets since of old. Act 3:22 “For Mosheh truly said to the fathers, ‘יהוה your Elohim shall raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brothers. Him you shall hear according to all matters, whatever He says to you. Act 3:23 ‘And it shall be that every being who does not hear that Prophet1 shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.’ Footnote: 1Deut. 18:18-20. Act 3:24 “And likewise, all the prophets who have spoken, from Shemu’ĕl and those following, have also announced these days. Act 3:25 “You are sons of the prophets, and of the covenant which Elohim made with our fathers, saying to Aḇraham, ‘And in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed.’ Act 3:26 “To you first, Elohim, having raised up His Servant יהושע ,sent Him to bless you, in turning away each one of you from your wicked ways.”1 Footnote: 1See 2:38.

Dan 9:25 “Know, then, and understand: from the going forth of the command to restore and build Yerushalayim until Messiah the Prince is seven weeks and sixty-two weeks. It shall be built again, with streets and a trench, but in times of affliction.

 The common mistake is to think that this refers to Cyrus. The Decree of Cyrus in 2 Chronicles 36:22–23 and in Ezra 1:1–4; 5:13, 17, 6:3 only refers to the building of the Temple not to restore and build the city of Jerusalem. As the Jewish Encyclopedia states in its article

“Artaxerxes I”,

“In the seventh year of Artaxerxes I. (458 B.C.) the Babylonian Jews requested that permission should be given to the priest Ezra to visit Palestine, with full power over the Jews there, and to enforce the book of the Law as the will of the king. How the king acceded to this request, and how Ezra endeavored to carry out his mission, are well known. Ezra first took strong measures against the mixed marriages, coming  thereby into conflict with “the people of the land,” the Samaritans and their allies. To protect himself against them, Ezra undertook to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.”

Take 458 B.C. and extend the 69 weeks mentioned here, which is 483 years, and you have 25 A.D. This is roughly the timeframe of the beginning of the ministry of Yeshua the Messiah. I am aware of the Neh. 2, 445 B.C. account and it may be true, either one roughly falls in the window of Yeshua’s life, but the latter account does seem to fall a bit too far past his timeframe, but I could be wrong.

The division of the seven and the sixty-two is probably the 7 weeks needed to rebuild the city of Jerusalem and then 62 weeks from that point until Messiah.

Dan 9:26 “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off and have naught. And the people of a coming prince shall destroy the city and the set-apart place. And the end of it is with a flood. And wastes are decreed, and fighting until the end.

Here we have the death of Yeshua Messiah after the Sixty Nine weeks; the Sixty-Two is mentioned to stay consistent with the phraseology in verse 25; this is then speaking of the Seventieth Week. We also have the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus in 70 A.D. mentioned but this event is not explicitly said to occur within the Seventy Weeks but to be an effect of it. This is another mistake often made.

Dan 9:27 “And he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week. And in the middle of the week he shall put an end to slaughtering and meal offering. And on the wing of abominations he shall lay waste, even until the complete end and that which is decreed is poured out on the one who lays waste1.” Footnote: 1Mt. 24:15.

Here we have the guarantee of the New Covenant mentioned in Heb. 7:22 by Yeshua, with the many, the elect, mentioned in Isa. 53:12 He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. This event is not said to occur at the beginning of the Seventieth Week but in the middle of it which occurred when Yeshua died and the veil of the Temple was torn from top to bottom. (Mat. 27:51 pursuant to Hebrews 9 and 10) Then again we have a phrase not explicitly said to occur within the Seventy Weeks but as an effect of it regarding the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D.

 

 

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