The Bible and the Flat Earth

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  1. The modern view of Biblical Inspiration that has been used to explain away what the Bible says about the nature of our reality is the Accommodation view espoused by John Calvin which led us to the Modernist and Neo-Orthodoxy of modern Christian Liberalism. John Calvin’s commentary on Genesis 1 states,

“6 Let there be a firmament The work of the second day is to provide an empty space around the circumference of the earth, that heaven and earth may not be mixed together. For since the proverb, ‘to mingle heaven and earth,’ denotes the extreme of disorder, this distinction ought to be regarded as of great importance. Moreover, the word רקיע (rakia) comprehends not only the whole region of the air, but whatever is open above us: as the word heaven is sometimes understood by the Latins. Thus the arrangement, as well of the heavens as of the lower atmosphere, is called רקיע(rakia) without discrimination between them, but sometimes the word signifies both together sometimes one part only, as will appear more plainly in our progress. I know not why the Greeks have chosen to render the word ςτερέωμα, which the Latins have imitated in the term, firmamentum; for literally it means expanse. And to this David alludes when he says that ‘the heavens are stretched out by God like a curtain,’ (Psalm 104:2.) If any one should inquire whether this vacuity did not previously exist, I answer, however true it may be that all parts of the earth were not overflowed by the waters; yet now, for the first time, a separation was ordained, whereas a confused admixture had previously existed. Moses describes the special use of this expanse, to divide the waters from the waters from which word arises a great difficulty. For it appears opposed to common sense, and quite incredible, that there should be waters above the heaven. Hence some resort to allegory, and philosophize concerning angels; but quite beside the purpose. For, to my mind, this is a certain principle, that nothing is here treated of but the visible form of the world. He who would learn astronomy, and other recondite arts, let him go elsewhere. Here the Spirit of God would teach all men without exception; and therefore what Gregory declares falsely and in vain respecting statues and pictures is truly applicable to the history of the creation, namely, that it is the book of the unlearned. The things, therefore, which he relates, serve as the garniture of that theater which he places before our eyes. Whence I conclude, that the waters here meant are such as the rude and unlearned may perceive. The assertion of some, that they embrace by faith what they have read concerning the waters above the heavens, notwithstanding their ignorance respecting them, is not in accordance with the design of Moses. And truly a longer inquiry into a matter open and manifest is superfluous. We see that the clouds suspended in the air, which threaten to fall upon our heads, yet leave us space to breathe. They who deny that this is effected by the wonderful providence of God, are vainly inflated with the folly of their own minds. We know, indeed that the rain is naturally produced; but the deluge sufficiently shows how speedily we might be overwhelmed by the bursting of the clouds, unless the cataracts of heaven were closed by the hand of God. Nor does David rashly recount this among His miracles, that God layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters, (Psalm 104:3 and he elsewhere calls upon the celestial waters to praise God, (Psalm 148:4.) Since, therefore, God has created the clouds, and assigned them a region above us, it ought not to be forgotten that they are restrained by the power of God, lest, gushing forth with sudden violence, they should swallow us up: and especially since no other barrier is opposed to them than the liquid and yielding, air, which would easily give way unless this word prevailed, ‘Let there be an expanse between the waters.’ Yet Moses has not affixed to the work of this day the note that God saw that it was good: perhaps because there was no advantage from it till the terrestrial waters were gathered into their proper place, which was done on the next day, and therefore it is there twice repeated.”[1]

 The Modernist and Neo-Orthodox view of Scripture that Calvin adopts here is absolutely disgusting and embarrassing to any honest seeker of truth from Yah’s holy words. Well, Geocentrist and Heliocentrist Christians, if you make the firmament the clouds then you have a serious problem. On your model the Sun, Moon and Stars are not in, under or anywhere near the clouds. This is completely incompatible with Gen. 1:14-20.

Dr. Michael Heiser admitted the Bible teaches Flat Earth. He like many have adopted the atheistic modernist view of biblical inspiration denying plenary verbal inspiration of the biblical authors. In his lecture series Making Sense of the Book of Genesis he not only admitted the Biblical authors taught a Flat Earth he even displayed a Flat Earth image on his projector so that no one could misunderstand him.

heiser

He begins his dealing with the Flat Earth just before the 2 Hour Mark. link

But Dr. Heiser does not believe the Earth is Flat even though he claims to believe the Bible! What he does is he claims that God spoke through the erroneous understanding of the original authors making the Bible not a revelation from Yah but exactly as the Liberals describe it, the paltry, ignorant and pathetic opinions of Bronze Age desert dwelling sheep herders.

These men are to blame for the social and moral chaos that exists among us today. Their infidelity is the root of our modern apostasy.

  1. As I have already pointed out, Robert Boyle’s argument from Gen. 1 on the material cause of the Land that we live upon accords with the Flat Earth model and not the Globe Earth Model.

“It seems also by what is delivered in Strabo out of another Author, concerning the Indians, That they likewise held that all things had differing Beginnings, but that of which the World was made, was Water. And the like Opinion has been by some of the Antients ascrib’d to the Phœnicians, from whom Thales himself is conceiv’d to have borrow’d it; as probably the Greeks did much of their Theologie, and, as I am apt to think, of their Philosophy too; since the Devising of the Atomical Hypothesis commonly ascrib’d to Lucippus and his Disciple Democritus, is by Learned Men attributed to one Moschus a Phœnician. And possibly the Opinion is yet antienter than so; For ’tis known that the Phœnicians borrow’d most of their Learning from the Hebrews. And among those that acknowledge the Books of Moses, many have been inclin’d to think Water to have been the Primitive and Universal Matter, by perusing the Beginning of Genesis, where the Waters seem to be mention’d as the Material Cause, not only of Sublunary Compounded Bodies, but of all those that make up the Universe; whose Component Parts did orderly, as it were, emerge out of that vast Abysse, by the Operation of the Spirit of God, who is said to have been moving Himself as hatching Females do (as the Original םרחפת, Meracephet is said to Import, and as it seems to signifie in one of the two other places, wherein alone I have met with it in the Hebrew Bible) upon the Face of the Waters; which being, as may be suppos’d, Divinely Impregnated with the seeds of all things, were by that productive Incubation qualify’d to produce them.”[2]

This brilliant observation can be seen in the first chapter of Genesis:

1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. 2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters… 9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

Thus, we see from scripture that the land came from the waters, the waters being the primordial substance. This accords perfectly with the Flat Earth model and completely contrary to the globe earth model. In the Flat Earth model, water is the foundation and structure, with the oceans being held in by the ice ring and the earth coming up from the water.

However, the globe model is completely foreign to the Scripture with its foundations being a molten glowing core.

  1. The Bible says the Sun, Moon and Stars are in the firmament not millions of miles away. Gen. 1:14-18.
  1. The firmament is clearly described by Scripture as a solid object. The root Hebrew word, raqa`,clearly refers to a solid substance spread out in its use in scripture.[3] The Book of Job describes it as hard and strong as a molten looking glass. Job. 37:18. Psa. 19:1 testifies its existence after the flood. Thus, the Hovind theory is incorrect.

As I have already pointed out, Medieval Theologians attempted to synchronize the Greek Geocentric Two Sphere Model with Scripture, such as the model presented by the Venerable Bede as already displayed.  Is this an honest description of the firmament mentioned in Genesis 1? No.  Gen. 1:7 states,

“7 And Elohim made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.”

Here we have the firmament and the heavenly waters relating to a plane interface not a round or spherical interface. Notice the waters are not around the Earth and around the firmament. They are under and above the firmament. This denotes a flat plane interface. The word under here is the Hebrew tachath, Strongs H8478. The Lexicon states,

“The KJV translates Strongs H8478 in the following manner: insteadunder, foraswithfromflatin the same place.”[4]

Interesting that this word is never translated as around but is actually translated flat on one occurrence! This is devastating because the waters under the firmament in verses 9-10 are said to be on the same level as the land! Yah just called the Seas flat! Much the same can be derived from an examination of the Hebrew word translated above.[5]

This is why we read in Gen. 1:2, 29 that the Earth has a face and the waters have a face. That is because they are a plane interface. Thus, we read in Gen. 1:14-15 that Yah also made the celestial bodies to give light upon the Earth, also denoting a plane interface as we read in Ecclesiastes that we are under the Sun. We are not rotating around the Sun according to the Bible. This again denotes a plane interface.

The disgusting sophistry that is used by Christian Theologians is to say that the Firmament only refers to the sky or generally the Earth’s atmosphere. The Scriptures they will attempt to use are:

Genesis 1:20; 7:23; 1 Kings 18:45; Job 35:11, 38:37; Psalms 78:26, 79:2; 85:11, 104:12, 147:8; Proverbs 30:19; Exodus 9:8, 10; Joshua 8:20;  Jeremiah 7:33; Matthew 16:2,3; 26:64; Luke 12:56; Hebrews 11:12, Revelation 19:17.

Using this argument necessitates that the sun and moon be in the same region and space as the earth sky and the rain clouds. The only model, I repeat, the only model that allows for the sun and moon to be in the same general region and space as the clouds and the earth sky is the Flat Earth model.

It is impossible to refute Gen. 1:14-20 regarding the Flat Earth. There is no way around it.

Hebrew Scholars, Keil & Delitzsch in their Commentary on the Old Testament testifies of the Hebrew of Gen. 1:20,

“The Fifth Day. – “God said: Let the waters swarm with swarms, with living beings, and let birds fly above the earth in the face (the front, i.e., the side turned towards the earth) of the firmament.” ישׁרצוּ andיעופף are imperative.”

The language of the face, speaks of their position as inside the firmament on the side facing the earth.[6] And notice, the use of H5921 in verse 20 is referring to being above the Earth, not above the Firmament.[7]

We read in Ezekiel’s vision that the abode of Yahovah is above the firmament!

Ezek. 1:22 And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above. 23 And under the firmament were their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered on this side, and every one had two, which covered on that side, their bodies. 24 And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, they let down their wings. 25 And there was a voice from the firmament that was over their heads, when they stood, and had let down their wings. 26 And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it.

Thus the illustrious Protestant Scholar Martin Luther states in rebuke of the predominance of Theologians and their denial of what the Bible clearly states in Genesis 1,

“We Christians must, therefore, be different from the philosophers in the way we think about the causes of these things. And if some are beyond our comprehension (like those before us concerning the waters above the heavens), we must believe them and admit our lack of knowledge rather than either wickedly deny them or presumptuously interpret them in conformity with our understanding…

Here belong also the phenomena and effects which occur in the air, when stars appear to fall, when halos, rainbows, and events similar to these occur in the air, etc. Moses calls “heaven” that entire watery mass in which the stars and the planets are borne along, likewise the uppermost region of the air. But that scheme of the spheres was thought out by later people for the purpose of teaching. Scripture knows nothing about them and simply says that the moon, the sun, and the stars were placed, not in individual spheres but in the firmament of the heaven (below and above which heaven are the waters), to be signs of future events, as we know from experience that eclipses, great conjunctions, and some other phenomena in the air are.”[8]

  1. The Bible describes the sun, not the earth as moving in a circuit above the earth and under the firmament. (Psa. 19:6, Genesis 15:12, 17, 19:23, 28:11, 32:31, Exodus 17:12, 22:3, 26, Leviticus 22:7, Numbers 2:3, Deuteronomy 11:30, 16:6, 23:11, 24:13, 24:15, Joshua 1:4, 8:29, 12:1, Judges 5:31, 8:13, 9:33, 14:18, 19:14, II Samuel 2:24, 3:35, 23:4, I Kings 22:36, II Chronicles 18:34, Job 9:7,Psalm 19:4-6, 50:1, 104:19, 22, 113:3, Ecclesiastes 1:5, Isaiah 13:10,38:8,(Notice the language denotes Yahovah as speaking from his perspective not Isaiah’s perspective) 41:25, 45:6, 59:19, 60:20, Jeremiah 15:9, Daniel 6:14, Amos 8:9, Jonah 4:8, Micah 3:6, Nahum 3:17, Habakkuk 3:11, Malachi 1:11, Matthew 5:45, 13:6, Mark 1:32, 4:6, 16:2, Luke 4:40, Ephesians 4:26)
  1. The Bible explicitly states that the earth does not move and never indicates in a single place that it moves or changes its position in the universe. (Joshua 10: 12-13, 27, 1 Chronicles 16: 30, Job 26:7, Psalm 93:1, 96: 10, 119: 90)
  1. Isaiah the Prophet described the earth as circular not spherical.

Isa. 40:22 It is He who sits above the circle of the earth,
And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers,
Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain

Isaiah uses the word ball in Isa, 22:18 and it is not the same word used in Isa. 40:22.[9]

  1. Solomon stated that the earth and the Oceans are in a circular shape because of a circular boundary which Yahovah fixed to hold the oceans in and describes the firmament as being a hard solid object, exactly as the flat earth model depicts.

Prov. 8:27 “When He established the heavens, I was there,
When He inscribed a circle on the face of the deep,
28 When He made firm the skies above,
When the springs of the deep became fixed,
29 When He set for the sea its boundary
So that the water would not transgress His command,
When He marked out the foundations of the earth;

  1. The Scripture describes the Sun as enclosed inside of a tent and circuiting above the Earth as a satellite.

Psa. 19:1 The heavens are telling of the glory of God;
And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.
2 Day to day pours forth speech,
And night to night reveals knowledge.
3 There is no speech, nor are there words;
Their voice is not heard.
4 Their line has gone out through all the earth,
And their utterances to the end of the world.
In them He has placed a tent for the sun,
5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber;
It rejoices as a strong man to run his course.
6 Its rising is from one end of the heavens,
And its circuit to the other end of them;
And there is nothing hidden from its heat.

  1. Scripture denotes our location as being under the Sun not orbiting around the Sun. (Ecc. 2:11-22)
  1. Gen. 1:16-17 states that the light to rule the day and the light to rule the night are in the firmament. Jer. 31:35 clearly states that these lights are the Sun and Moon.

Objection:

  1. Geocentrists will object that Job 26:7 denotes the Earth as a suspended sphere.

Ans. Samuel Rowbotham states in Chapter XV of his Zetetic Astronomy 1881 ed.,

“Many have argued that the Scriptures favoured the idea that the earth is a globe suspended in space, from the following language of Job (xxvi., 7):–

[p. 365]

“He stretched out the north over the empty place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing.”

Dr. Adam Clark, although himself a Newtonian philosopher, says, in his commentary on this passage, the literal translation is, “on the hollow or empty waste;” and he quotes a Chaldee version of the passage, which runs as follows:–

“He layeth the earth upon the waters, nothing sustaining it.”

It is not that he “hangeth the earth upon nothing,” an obviously meaningless expression, but “layeth it upon the waters,” which were previously empty or waste or unoccupied by the earth–in fact, on and in which there was nothing visible before the dry land appeared.

This is in strict accordance with the other expressions of Scripture that the earth was stretched out above the waters, and founded upon the seas–where nothing had before existed.

If the earth is a globe, it is evident that everywhere the water of its surface–the seas, lakes, oceans, and rivers–must be sustained or upheld by the land, which must be underneath the water; but being a plane “founded upon the seas,” and the land and waters distinct and independent of each other, then the waters of the “great deep” must sustain the land as it does a ship, an ice-island, or any other flowing mass, and there must, of necessity, be waters below the earth. In this particular, as in all others, the Scriptures are beautifully sequential and consistent.

[p. 366]

“The Almighty shall bless thee with the blessing of Heaven above, and blessings of the deep that lieth under.”–Genesis xliv., 25.

“Thou shalt not make unto thee any likeness of anything in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, or in the waters under the earth.”–Exodus xx., 4.

“Take ye, therefore, good heed unto yourselves, and make no similitude of anything on the earth, or the likeness of anything that is in the waters beneath the earth.”–Deuteronomy iv., 18.

“Blessed be his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep which croucheth beneath.”–Deuteronomy xxxiii., 13.

The same fact was acknowledged by the ancient philosophers. In “Ovid’s Metamorphoses” Jupiter, in an “assembly of the gods,” is made to say:–

“I swear by the infernal waves which glide under the earth.”

As the earth is a distinct structure, standing in and upheld by the waters of the “great deep,” it follows, unless it can be proved that something solid and substantial sustains the waters, that “the depths” are fathomless. As there is no evidence whatever of anything existing except the fire consequent upon the rapid combination and decomposition of numerous well-known elements, we are compelled to admit that the depth is boundless–that beneath the waters which glide under the lowest parts of the earth there is nothing of a resisting nature. This is again confirmed by the Scriptures:–

“Thus saith the Lord, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and stars for a light by

[p. 367]

night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar, the Lord of Hosts is His name. If these ordinances depart from before me, saith the Lord, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever. Thus saith the Lord: if heaven above can be measured and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel.”–Jeremiah xxxi., 37.

From the above it is certain that God’s promises to His people can no more be broken than can the height of heaven be measured, or the depths of the mighty waters–the earth’s foundations–searched out or determined. The fathomless character of the deep beneath, upon which the earth is founded, and the infinitude of heaven above, are here given as emblems of the boundlessness of God’s power, and of the certainty that all His ordinances will be fulfilled. When God’s power can be limited, heaven above will be no longer infinite; and the “mighty waters,” the “great deep,” the “foundations of the earth,” may be fathomed. But the Scriptures plainly teach us that the power and wisdom of God, the heights of heaven, and the depth of the “waters under the earth,” are alike boundless and unfathomable.

That the earth is stationary, except the fluctuating motion referred to in the chapter on the cause of tides, has been more than sufficiently demonstrated; and the Scriptures in no instance affirm the contrary.”[10]

[1] http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/calcom01.vii.i.html

[2] The Sceptical Chymst, 102-121

[3] Blue Letter Bible Lexicon: https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?strongs=H7554&t=KJV

[4] Ibid., https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?strongs=H8478&t=KJV

[5] Ibid., https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H5921&t=KJV

[6] Ibid., https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H6440&t=KJV

[7] Ibid., https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H5921&t=KJV

[8] Martin Luther, Luther’s Works, ed. Jaroslav Pelikan, Lectures on Genesis, (Concordia, St. Louis, 1958), 30, 43

[9] Blue Letter Bible: https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=H1754&t=KJV

[10] http://www.sacred-texts.com/earth/za/za66.htm

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