Rev. 9: 13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.
The golden altar is the altar of incense representing the intercession of the High Priest in offering incense representing the prayers of saints recently propitiated by the blood of the atonement (Exo. 30). Thus, the intercession of Messiah is symbolically depicted as being offended by the Greek Church for her relics, Mariolatry and prayers to saints, denying the intercession and mediation of Yeshua. Heb. 7-10. And thus, judgment is proclaimed against it.
15 And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.
Unlike the previous judgment, where the Locusts were only meant to torment, this judgment proclaims the same judgment death as was proclaimed against the Western Roman Empire.
Thus, the Eastern Empire, now firmly established and fortified under Basil II and his successors, and the Turkish Islamo Seljuk Empire being established by Tughril Beg, the Eastern Empire was ripe for warfare. Beg’s successor, Alp Arslan, 1063 A.D., would begin the assault on the Eastern Empire;
Gibbon, Chapter LVII: The Turks.—Part II…
“Twenty-five years after the death of Basil, his successors were suddenly assaulted by an unknown race of Barbarians, who united the Scythian valor with the fanaticism of new proselytes, and the art and riches of a powerful monarchy. 25 The myriads of Turkish horse overspread a frontier of six hundred miles from Tauris to Arzeroum, and the blood of one hundred and thirty thousand Christians was a grateful sacrifice to the Arabian prophet. Yet the arms of Togrul did not make any deep or lasting impression on the Greek empire. The torrent rolled away from the open country; the sultan retired without glory or success from the siege of an Armenian city; the obscure hostilities were continued or suspended with a vicissitude of events; and the bravery of the Macedonian legions renewed the fame of the conqueror of Asia. 26 The name of Alp Arslan, the valiant lion, is expressive of the popular idea of the perfection of man; and the successor of Togrul displayed the fierceness and generosity of the royal animal. He passed the Euphrates at the head of the Turkish cavalry, and entered Caesarea, the metropolis of Cappadocia, to which he had been attracted by the fame and wealth of the temple of St. Basil.”
Thus, in 1071 the Eastern Empire would receive its first humiliating defeat.
“The Battle of Manzikert was fought between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuq Empire on August 26, 1071 near Manzikert (modern Malazgirt in Muş Province, Turkey). The decisive defeat of the Byzantine army and the capture of the Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes played an important role in undermining Byzantine authority in Anatolia and Armenia,and allowed for the gradual Turkification of Anatolia.”
Thus, it was Arslan emerging from the Euphrates river that brings judgment upon the Eastern Empire.
16 And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand(myrias) thousand(myrias): and I heard the number of them. 17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.
As documented above from Gibbon, the Turkish Army was primarily on horseback and he even uses the same word for the quanitity of the Turkish horse: myriads!
Gibbon, Chapter LVII: The Turks.—Part I.
“Their wandering life maintains the spirit and exercise of arms; they fight on horseback; and their courage is displayed in frequent contests with each other and with their neighbors.”
Not only was the Eastern Empire assaulted by Turks but also by their own people in 1204 with the Sack of Constantinople by Catholic Crusaders. Yet this would be nothing as bad as what would happen under Mehmed the Conqueror. Thus, in 1453, Mehmed, would lay siege on Constantinople with myriads of Horsemen accompanied by cannon fire and a large Naval Fleet. Constantinople was led by Giovanni Giustiniani and Constantine XI Palaiologos:
Gibbon, Chapter LXVIII: Reign Of Mahomet The Second, Extinction Of Eastern Empire.—Part III.
“The immediate loss of Constantinople may be ascribed to the bullet, or arrow, which pierced the gauntlet of John Justiniani. The sight of his blood, and the exquisite pain, appalled the courage of the chief, whose arms and counsels were the firmest rampart of the city. As he withdrew from his station in quest of a surgeon, his flight was perceived and stopped by the indefatigable emperor. “Your wound,” exclaimed Palæologus, “is slight; the danger is pressing: your presence is necessary; and whither will you retire?”—”I will retire,” said the trembling Genoese, “by the same road which God has opened to the Turks;” and at these words he hastily passed through one of the breaches of the inner wall. By this pusillanimous act he stained the honors of a military life; and the few days which he survived in Galata, or the Isle of Chios, were embittered by his own and the public reproach. 58 His example was imitated by the greatest part of the Latin auxiliaries, and the defence began to slacken when the attack was pressed with redoubled vigor. The number of the Ottomans was fifty, perhaps a hundred, times superior to that of the Christians; the double walls were reduced by the cannon to a heap of ruins: in a circuit of several miles, some places must be found more easy of access, or more feebly guarded; and if the besiegers could penetrate in a single point, the whole city was irrecoverably lost.”
18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.
Thus, the prophet depicts the fall of Constantinople by means of the cannon fire.
19 For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt.
The prophet is no doubt referring to the Turkish Tughs/Tui:
Turkish horsetail standard originated among the nomads of central Asia and was common to the Mongols and the Turks and closely connected with the totemic cult of the horse and yak, without which life in the steppes might have become impossible. Its substantial element consisted of a bundle of horse or yak hair (black, white, red, green, or blue) fixed on a wooden staff, topped with a metal final.
Along with the flags, the Turkish tugh reached its final form in the fourteenth century. They represented authority, especially of the military. The declaration of war was manifested by setting the Sultan’s tughs in front of their saray. On the march, they would be sent ahead to mark camp sites. In some engravings, seven tughs were planted in front of the Sultan’s tent, five in front of the grand vizier’s, and three marked the place of a pasha’s tent. In battle they marked the place of leaders as a rallying point for dispersed soldiers.”
“They slew the third part of men, when they conquered the Greek Empire, and took Constantinople, A.C. 1453. and they began to be prepared for this purpose, when Olub-Arslan began to conquer the nations upon Euphrates, A.C. 1063. The interval is called an hour and a day, and a month and a year, or 391 prophetic days, which are years.”
Constantinople fell on May 29 1453. Next year, the Treaty of Constantinople (1454) was signed ending Christendom’s aspirations to regain Constantinople. Thus the Ottoman Empire was established and its destruction of the Eastern Empire complete.
20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: 21 Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.
Thus, the Eastern Orthodox Churchmen, even after such severe judgment upon them, refused to abandon their Mariolatry, their relic veneration, and their prayers to dead saints, in utter defiance of Scripture and the Son of Elohim. And thus, Russia would now take up the mantle of the Eastern Church which has until just recently been a relatively moot influence in world History.
And thus, the Sixth Trumpet is complete, and just as the Western Church refused to repent, neither did the Eastern and thus we are now on the cusps of the Great work of the Protestant Reformation.