I Kings 10: 23 So King Solomon became greater than all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom. 24 All the earth was seeking the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom which God had put in his heart.
Before the great pagan Empires of Babylon, Persia, Greece or Rome, the Jews had established a mighty tradition that has stood the test of time to this very day and is without any doubt the most influential tradition on the Flat Earth. The man who wrote the definitive history of the Ancient world, that is the era known as Pre-History, i.e. before Herodotus – circa 5th Century B.C, Moses, put into motion events leading to the second great empire after Egypt.
The history of the Jews in Egypt begins with Abraham but most importantly Joseph. It was he who truly wove the thread connecting Egypt with the Jewish History. The story of Joseph’s enslavement, transport to Egypt, his sufferings, elevation and later rescue of his family and the surrounding regions from the seven years of famine, can be read in Genesis 37 – 50.
We can see from: Gen. 47:11 that Rameses was not the Pharaoh of Joseph’s time or the Exodus but is mentioned simply as the city of Rameses contemporary with Moses’ time which Moses is using so that contemporaries or those afterwards will understand the location he is referring to. [See Manetho’s account of Moses, History of Egypt, Book II]
Genesis 47:11 So Joseph settled his father and his brothers and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had ordered.
According to Egyptologist David Rohl, the Exodus took place in the middle kingdom period. In the documentary Patterns of Evidence we learn that Amenemhet III was the Pharaoh of Joseph’s time.
Charles Aling, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of History, University of Northwestern states,
“Under Amenemhat III (1842-1797 B.C.) the Middle Kingdom reached its highest level of material prosperity. ”
This lines up perfectly with what we read in the Biblical narrative where Joseph’s prophecy of the seven years of bounty and then famine gives Egypt the time and the means to prepare, comes to pass which strengthened the wealth of the Pharaoh:
Gen. 47: 13 Now there was no food in all the land, because the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine. 14 Joseph gathered all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan for the grain which they bought, and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house. 15 When the money was all spent in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us food, for why should we die in your presence? For our money [v]is gone.” 16 Then Joseph said, “Give up your livestock, and I will give you food for your livestock, since your money [w]is gone.” 17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them [x]food in exchange for the horses and the [y]flocks and the herds and the donkeys; and he [z]fed them with [aa]food in exchange for all their livestock [ab]that year. 18 When that year was ended, they came to him the [ac]next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord that our money is all spent, and the [ad]cattle are my lord’s. There is nothing left [ae]for my lord except our bodies and our lands. 19 Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for [af]food, and we and our land will be slaves to Pharaoh. So give us seed, that we may live and not die, and that the land may not be desolate.” 20 So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh, for [ag]every Egyptian sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. Thus the land became Pharaoh’s. 21 As for the people, he removed them to the cities from one end of Egypt’s border to the other. 22 Only the land of the priests he did not buy, for the priests had an allotment from Pharaoh, and they [ah]lived off the allotment which Pharaoh gave them. Therefore, they did not sell their land. 23 Then Joseph said to the people, “Behold, I have today bought you and your land for Pharaoh; now, here is seed for you, and you may sow the land.
Gary Byers states,
“The earliest remains of Asiatics at Tell el-Daba included houses and tombs (12th Dynasty, mid-19th century BC). Called Rowaty (“the door of the two roads”) at that time, this Asiatic settlement was probably Rameses (Gn 47:11, 27; a later name for the same site) where Jacob and his family settled in Goshen. One particular house and tomb excavated there may actually be Joseph’s. Directly above that was found a later and larger early Hyksos palace (13th Dynasty). It was probably the first Hyksos Pharaoh, “who did not know about Joseph” (Ex 1:8), that pressed the Israelites into slavery and had them build the store city of Rameses (Ex 1:11; a later name for this Hyksos city). (Based on Fig. 7 in Avaris: The Capital of the Hyksos, by Manfred Bietak [London: British Museum, 1996].)”
As Patterns pointed out this Pyramid Tomb was found with no skeletal remains. This again agrees perfectly with the Bible:
Joseph’s bones are now recognized to remain in Nablus, the Biblical Shechem.
Another piece of evidence for the time of Joseph in Egypt during Amenemhet III is the Bahr Yussef or the waterway of Joseph made during Amenemhet III’s reign.
We also see from the Brooklyn Papyrus, a catalog of slaves in Egypt many of whom bear Hebrew names:
Patterns also connects the Plagues of Exodus with the Egyptian Ipuwer Papyrus, which they claim fits the narrative of Exodus perfectly.
Moreover, the Merneptah Stele, shows that Ramses could not be the Exodus pharaoh because it was written shortly after his death and acknowledges Israel already existing as an independent nation in Canaan.
To the same point you can see the Berlin Statue Pedestal Relief:
Moreover, more Biblical evidence shows that the Exodus happened much earlier around 1450 B.C.
1 Kings 6: 1 Now it came about in the four hundred and eightieth year after the sons of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv which is the second month, that he [a]began to build the house of the Lord.
This would put the Exodus at 1446 B.C. On the modern dating system itself, that puts the Exodus almost 200 years before Ramesses II.
Moreover, Manetho states in Fragment 42, of the Hyksos invasion which is again dated much earlier than Ramesses II,
“75 “Tutimaeus.16 In his reign, for what cause I know not, a blast of God smote us; and unexpectedly, from the regions of the East, invaders of obscure race marched in confidence of victory against our land. By main force they easily seized it without striking a blow;1776 and having overpowered the rulers of the land, they then burned our cities ruthlessly, razed to the ground the temples of the gods, and treated all the natives with a cruel hostility, massacring some and leading into slavery the wives and children of others.”
Thus, a great judgment of God made Egypt so weak that an invader conquered it “without striking a blow”! Thus, Patterns maintains that the Hyksos invasion took place right after the Exodus.
Thus, the Hebrews would later go on to conquer Canaan and fulfill the Land Promise given by Yahovah. Joshua 13-15, all of 15, 21:43-45, 22:1-2, 23:14, and 1 Kings 4:21, all state that the land promise was fulfilled saying “Thus יהוה gave to Yisra’ĕl all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers”, “Not a word failed of any good word which יהוה had spoken to the house of Yisra’ĕl – all came in”, “You have guarded all that Mosheh the servant of יהוה commanded you, and have obeyed my voice in all that I commanded you”, “not one word has failed of all the good words which יהוה your Elohim spoke concerning you. All of it has come to you, and not one word of them has failed” and finally, “And Shelomoh was ruling over all reigns from the River to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Mitsrayim. They did task-work and served Shelomoh all the days of his life.”
Thus, from slavery and bondage to constant warfare up to the time of David, we are now brought to a period in the Jewish history where the Hebrews finally have a time of peace and stability capable of producing a mighty Philosopher and the development of Science and Architecture. And thus, was Solomon born and the glorious Temple built.
[Ridpath, Universal History, Vol. 9, pg. 292]
Ridpath states in his Universal History, Vol. V, pg. 282,
1 Kings 10: 23 So King Solomon became greater than all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.
2 Chron. 2: 11 Then Huram, king of Tyre, answered in a letter sent to Solomon: “Because the Lord loves His people, He has made you king over them.”12 Then Huram continued, “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who has made heaven and earth, who has given King David a wise son,endowed with discretion and understanding, who will build a house for the Lord and a royal palace for himself. 13 “Now I am sending Huram-abi, a skilled man, endowed with understanding, 14 the son of a Danite woman and a Tyrian father, who knows how to work in gold, silver, bronze, iron, stone and wood, and in purple, violet, linen and crimson fabrics, and who knows how to make all kinds of engravings and to execute any design which may be assigned to him, to work with your skilled men and with those of my lord David your father. 15 Now then, let my lord send to his servants wheat and barley, oil and wine, of which he has spoken. 16 We will cut whatever timber you need from Lebanon and bring it to you on rafts by sea to Joppa, so that you may carry it up to Jerusalem.” 17 Solomon numbered all the aliens who were in the land of Israel, following the census which his father David had taken; and 153,600 were found. 18 He appointed 70,000 of them to carry loads and 80,000 to quarry stones in the mountains and 3,600 supervisors to make the people work.
Thus, the Jews became the greatest kingdom on the Earth during the reign of Solomon and thus began the Jewish tradition of learning and intellectual influence emphasized among their ranks. However, Solomon, in his later years, through the influence of his many foreign wives, would begin the end for the Jewish hegemony by worshiping false gods and offending the Elohim who brought him to power:
1 Kings 11: 1 Now King Solomon loved many foreign women along with the daughter of Pharaoh: Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite women, 2 from the nations concerning which the Lord had said to the sons of Israel, “You shall not [a]associate with them, nor shall they [b]associate with you, for they will surely turn your heart away after their gods.” Solomon held fast to these in love. 3 He had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines, and his wives turned his heart away. 4 For when Solomon was old, his wives turned his heart away after other gods; and his heart was not [c]wholly devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been. 5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians and after [d]Milcom the detestable idol of the Ammonites. 6 Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, and did not follow the Lord fully, as David his father had done. 7 Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the detestable idol of Moab, on the mountain which is [e]east of Jerusalem, and for Molech the detestable idol of the sons of Ammon. 8 Thus also he did for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and sacrificed to their gods.
9 Now the Lord was angry with Solomon because his heart was turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice,10 and had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods; but he did not observe what the Lord had commanded. 11 So the Lord said to Solomon, “Because [f]you have done this, and you have not kept My covenant and My statutes, which I have commanded you, I will surely tear the kingdom from you, and will give it to your servant. 12 Nevertheless I will not do it in your days for the sake of your father David, but I will tear it out of the hand of your son.13 However, I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of My servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen.”
This sin and judgment would lead the division of the kingdom under Solomon’s son Rehoboam and then later invasions and captivities, being conquered by Pagans and scattered abroad up until recent times when they received again part of their own land for their own sovereign nation in 1947.
Solomon’s apostasy has been greatly exaggerated by modern Neo-Nazis and others who would blame the Jews for all their problems. They would maintain that Solomon was the inventor of all the Pagan mysteries and Freemasonry. Albert Mackey dispels many of these notions:
Thus, though the enslavement and constant military conflicts of the Jews prohibited them from developing a robust Scientific and Philosophical tradition, the Revelation given to them by the creator established the foundation of Western Science.
Baruch College, City University of New York Professor Marvin Perry states in Western Civilization: A Brief History, Volume I: to 1789,
“Whereas Near Eastern divinities dwelt within nature, the Hebrew G-d was transcendent, above nature and not a part of it. Yahweh was not identified with any natural force…
Since G-d was the creator and ruler of nature, there was no place for a Sun G-d, a Moon G-d, a G-d in the river, or a demon in the storm. Nature was G-d’s creation, but was not itself divine. The Stars and planets were creations of Yahweh, not divinities or the abodes of divinities. The Hebrews neither regarded them with awe nor worshipped them.
The removal of the G-ds from nature-the demythicizing of nature-is a necessary prerequisite for scientific thought.” (pg. 27)
The Hebrew Bible was also the foundation of modern Chemistry,
Boyle maintained that the primordial substance from which all things are derived is water as described in the Bible. Boyle states in The First Part of his The Sceptical Chymst,
“Propos. I. It seems not absurd to conceive that at the first Production of mixt Bodies, the Universal Matter whereof they among other Parts of the Universe consisted, was actually divided into little Particles of several sizes and shapes variously mov’d.
This (sayes Carneades) I suppose you will easily enough allow. For besides that which happens in the Generation, Corruption, Nutrition, and wasting of Bodies, that which we discover partly by our Microscopes of the extream littlenesse of even the scarce sensible parts of Concretes; and partly by the Chymical Resolutions of mixt Bodies, and by divers other Operations of Spagyrical Fires upon them, seems sufficiently to manifest their consisting of parts very minute and of differing Figures. And that there does also intervene a various local Motion of such small Bodies, will scarce be denied; whether we chuse to grant the Origine of Concretions assign’d by Epicurus, or that related by Moses. For the first, as you well know, supposes not only all(38) mixt Bodies, but all others to be produc’d by the various and casual occursions of Atomes, moving themselves to and fro by an internal Principle in the Immense or rather Infinite Vacuum. And as for the inspir’d Historian, He, informing us that the great and Wise Author of Things did not immediately create Plants, Beasts, Birds, &c. but produc’d them out of those portions of the pre-existent, though created, Matter, that he calls Water and Earth, allows us to conceive, that the constituent Particles whereof these new Concretes were to consist, were variously moved in order to their being connected into the Bodies they were, by their various Coalitions and Textures, to compose…
“It seems also by what is delivered in Strabo out of another Author, concerning the Indians, That they likewise held that all things had differing Beginnings, but that of which the World was made, was Water. And the like Opinion has been by some of the Antients ascrib’d to the Phœnicians, from whom Thales himself is conceiv’d to have borrow’d it; as probably the Greeks did much of their Theologie, and, as I am apt to think, of their Philosophy too; since the Devising of the Atomical Hypothesis commonly ascrib’d to Lucippus and his Disciple Democritus, is by Learned Men attributed to one Moschus a Phœnician. And possibly the Opinion is yet antienter than so; For ’tis known that the Phœnicians borrow’d most of their Learning from the Hebrews. And among those that acknowledge the Books of Moses, many have been inclin’d to think Water to have been the Primitive and Universal Matter, by perusing the Beginning of Genesis, where the Waters seem to be mention’d as the Material Cause, not only of Sublunary Compounded Bodies, but of all those that make up the Universe; whose Component Parts did orderly, as it were, emerge out of that vast Abysse, by the Operation of the Spirit of G-d, who is said to have been moving Himself as hatching Females do (as the Original , םרחפת Meracephet is said to Import, and as it seems to signifie in one of the two other places, wherein alone I have met with it in the Hebrew Bible) upon the Face of the Waters; which being, as may be suppos’d, Divinely Impregnated with the seeds of all things, were by that productive Incubation qualify’d to produce them.”